Fertility Home Tests

One of the most important indicators of female fertility is the “ovarian reserve,” which can be estimated from the FSH (follicle stimulating hormone) level in the woman’s urine. A fertility home test measures urine FSH and provides an indication of fertility.

Each woman is born with all the eggs she will ever have, and as such, the number of eggs are depleted with each menstrual cycle as a woman ages. With each cycle, one or more eggs are released via ovulation, and depending on the length of your cycle, your ovarian reserve may be reduced by 24 eggs every year.

In addition to quantity, the fertility home test also assesses egg quality. This latter factor is also important because a woman’s eggs age along with her, and older eggs are less likely to divide and implant successfully to begin to sustain a pregnancy. Poor egg quality also increases the risk of genetic defects and physical deformities of the fetus, particularly caused by trisomy 13, 18, or 21.

How Do Fertility Home Tests Work?

At home tests for fertility check for the level of FSH early in your cycle (day 3). This is an accurate measure of fertility because if the ovarian reserve is low, your pituitary must ramp up FSH production in order to encourage maturation and release of one of the remaining ova. Therefore, high FSH suggest low ovarian reserve and a fertility problem. Taking a fertility home test such as the First Response fertility test indicates whether your first morning urine on cycle day 3 has higher than average FSH which is indicative of a potential fertility problem and necessitates further consult with your physician.

Does This Mean I Will Never Get Pregnant?

No. Even if you obtain a result of decreased ovarian reserve with a fertility home test, it is still possible that you will become pregnant. However, it may be more challenging, and you should consider making an appointment with your clinician right away to begin diagnostic tests. Even if your FSH is high, techniques such as fertility focused intercourse can tip the scales in your favor enough to succeed in becoming pregnant.

If you obtain a result of poor fertility from a fertility home test, you should commence charting, using a program such as FertilityFriend.com. This can help you identify if you are experiencing any additional types of infertility and will aid your physician in narrowing down the subset of potential diagnoses.

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